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Student Academic Standards and Performance

Plagiarism - 1I6

The University recognizes plagiarism as a serious academic offense. Plagiarism is presenting another existing work, original ideas, or creative expressions as one's own without proper attribution. Any ideas or materials taken from another source, including one's own work, must be fully acknowledged unless the information is common knowledge. What is considered "common knowledge" may differ from subject to subject. To avoid plagiarizing, one must not adopt or reproduce material from existing work without acknowledging the original source. Existing work includes but is not limited to ideas, opinions, theories, formulas, graphics, and pictures. Examples of plagiarism, subject to interpretation, include but are not limited to directly quoting another's actual words, whether oral or written; using another's ideas, opinions, or theories; paraphrasing the words, ideas, opinions, or theories of others, whether oral or written; borrowing facts, statistics, or illustrative material; and offering materials assembled or collected by others in the form of projects or collections without acknowledgment.

Normally a student who plagiarizes shall receive a grade of E [F EFFECTIVE FALL 2001] in the course in which the act occurs. The offense shall also be reported to the Provost. In addition, any graduate student who has been found to have committed an act of plagiarism may be dropped from his or her graduate degree program by his or her department. A student who is reported a second time shall be suspended from the University for a period of not less than one term. Should a student who has been suspended for plagiarism be readmitted and be again found guilty of the offense, he/she shall be permanently expelled from the University.

This policy statement shall appear in the University catalogs and course announcements, shall be called to the attention of advisers, shall be explained during the program of new student orientation, and shall be published in the Alestle at least once during the beginning of each fall term.

The Provost and Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs is charged with administrative responsibility for handling complaints, allegations, or grievances against students concerning plagiarism, according to the Student Academic Code (Policy 3C2).

References and Selected Resources:

  • Angelil-Carter, S. Stolen Language?: Plagiarism in Writing. New York: Longman, 2000.
  • Austin, Wendy Warren. "Plagiarism, Ghostwriting, Boilerplate, and Open Content: Authorship in the Virtual Workplace." The Handbook of Research on Virtual Workplaces and the New Nature of Business Practices. Eds. Pavel Zemliansky and Kirk St. Amant. Hershey, PA: Idea-Group Publishers, 2008.
  • Barnbaum, C. "Plagiarism: A Student's Guide to Recognizing It and Avoiding It."
  • Bink, M.L., Marsh, R.L., Hicks, J.L., & Howard, J.D. "The Credibility of a Source Influences the Rate of Unconscious Plagiarism." Memory 7.3 (May 1999): 293-308.
  • Brent, Doug. "Rhetorics of the Web: Patchwriting."
  • Brown, A.S., & Halliday, H.E. "Cryptomnesia and Source Memory Difficulties: American Journal of Psychology 104.4 (Winter 1991): 475-490.
  • Brown, A.S., & Murphy, D.R. "Cryptomnesia: Delineating Inadvertant Plagiarism." Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 15 (1989): 432-442.
  • Carpenter, Siri. "Plagiarism or Memory Glitch?" Monitor on Psychology 33.2 (February 2002):
  • Council of Writing Program Administrators. "Defining and Avoiding Plagiarism: WPA Statement on Best Policies." Jan. 2003.
  • Decco, Wilfried. Crisis On Campus: Confronting Academic Misconduct. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 2002.
  • Defeldre, Anne-Catherine. "Inadvertent Plagiarism in Everyday Life." Applied Cognitive Psychology 19 (2005): 1033-1040.
  • Dollinger, Stephen J., William M. Wells, Kathy G. Chonez, Jacob G. Jantzer, and Danielle M. Diers. "Report of the Ad Hoc Plagiarism Committee, College of Liberal Arts Council." Southern Illinois University Carbondale, Spring 2006.
  • Dryden, L. M. "A Distant Mirror or Through the Looking Glass? Plagiarism and Intellectual Property in Japanese Education." Perspectives on Plagiarism and Intellectual Property in a Postmodern World. Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 1999. 75-85.
  • English 391, Precision in Reading and Writing, Students. Responses to Draft Report of the SIU Plagiarism Committee. April 2008.
  • Federal Register / Vol. 70, No: 94 / Tuesday, May 17, 2005 / Rules and Regulations DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES 42 CFR Parts 50 and 93 RIN 0940-AA04 Public Health Service Policies on Research Misconduct.
  • Franklin-Stokes, A., & S. Newstead, S. "Undergraduate Cheating: Who Does It and Why?" Studies in Higher Education 20 (1995): 159-172.
  • Hayes, Niall, and Lucas D. Introna. "Cultural Values, Plagiarism, and Fairness: When Plagiarism Gets in the Way of Learning." Ethics & Behavior 15.3 (2005): 213-231.
  • Hjortshoj, Keith. "Theft, Fraud, and Loss of Voice." Transition to College Writing. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2001. Pp. 172-184.
  • Howard, Rebecca Moore. "Plagiarisms, Authorships, and the Academic Death Penalty," College English 57 (1995): 708-736.
  • --. Standing in the Shadow of Giants: Plagiarists, Authors, Collaborators (Ablex, 1999).
  • Indiana University Writing Tutorial Services. "Plagiarism: What It is and How to Recognize and Avoid It." Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.
  • Jameson, D. "The Ethics of Plagiarism: How Genre Affects Writers' Use of Source Materials. Bulletin of the Association for Business Communication 56.2 (June 1993): 18-28.
  • Landau, J.D., & Marsh, R.L. "Monitoring Source in an Unconscious Plagiarism Paradigm." Psychonomic Bulletin and Review 4(1997): 265-270.
  • Lipsom, Abigail, and Sheila M. Reindl. "The Responsible Plagiarist: Understanding Students Who Misuse Sources." About Campus 8.3 (July-August 2003): 7-14. ERIC 20 March 2007.
  • Lipson, Charles. Doing Honest Work in College: How to Prepare Citations, Avoid Plagiarism, and Achieve Real Academic Success. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 2004.
  • Lovett-Hooper, Gwena, Meera Komarraju, Rebecca Weston, and Stephen J. Dollinger. "Is Plagiarism a Forerunner of Other Deviance? Imagined Futures of Academically Dishonest Students." Ethics & Behavior 17.3 (2007): 323-336.
  • Marsden, Helen, Marie Carroll, and James T. Neill. "Who Cheats at University? A Self-Report Study of Dishonest Academic Behaviours in a Sample of Australian University Students." Australian Journal of Psychology 57.1 (May 2005): 1-10.
  • Marsh, R.L., & Bower, G.H. "Eliciting Cryptomnesia: Unconscious Plagiarism in a Puzzle Task." Journal of Experimental Psychology 19.3 (May 1993): 673-678.
  • Marsh, R.L., & Landau, J.D. "Item Availability in Cryptomnesia; Assessing Its Role in Two Paradigms of Unconscious Plagiarism." Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 21 (1995): 1568-1582.
  • Marsh, R.L., Landau, J.D., & Hicks, J.L. (1997). "Contributions of Inadequate Source Monitoring to Unconscious Plagiarism During Idea Generation." Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 23 (1997): 886-897.
  • Martin, Brian. "Academic Credit Where It's Due." Campus Review 7.21 (4-10 June 1997): 11.
  • --. (1994, Fall). "Plagiarism: A Misplaced Emphasis." Journal of Information Ethics 3.2 (Fall 1994): 36-47.
  • --. "Plagiarism and Responsibility." J of Tertiary Educational Administration 6.2 (Oct. 1984): 183-190.
  • McCabe, Donald L. "Cheating: Why students do It and How We Can Help Them Stop." American Educator 25.4 (Winter 2001), 38-43.
  • --. "The Influence of Situational Ethics on Cheating Among College Students." Sociological Inquiry 62.3 (1992): 365-374.
  • --. "It Takes a Village: Academic Dishonesty and Educational Opportunity." Liberal Education 91 (Summer/Fall 2005): 26-31.
  • McCabe, Donald L., and Patrick Drinan. "Toward a Culture of Academic Integrity." Chronicle of Higher Education 46.8 (15 October 1999).
  • McCabe, Donald L., & Gary Pavela, "Ten [updated] Principles of Academic Integrity." Change 36.3 (May/June 2004): 10-14.
  • McCabe, Donald, and Linda Klebe TreviƱo. "Academic Dishonesty: Honor Codes and Other Contextual Influences." Journal of Higher Education 64.5 (1993), 522-538.
  • --. "What We Know About Cheating in College." Change 28.1 (January-February 1996): 28-33.
  • Moodie, Gavin. "Bureaucratic Plagiarism." Plagiary: Cross Disciplinary Studies Plagiarism, Fabrication, and Falsification 1.6 (2006): 1-5.
  • Murphy, Richard. "Anorexia: The Cheating Disorder." College English 52 (1990): 898-903 .
  • Nelms, Gerald. Handouts for "Plagiarism as Educational Opportunity" Workshops, University Core Curriculum, Southern Illinois University Carbondale, October 2006.
  • Office of Research Integrity, US Department of Health and Human Services. "Policies: ORI Policy on Plagiarism."
  • Pecorari, Diane. "Good and Original: Plagiarism and Patchwriting in Academic Second-Language Writing." Journal of Second Language Writing 12 (2003): 317-345.
  • Pennycook, Alastair. "Borrowing Others' Words: Text, Ownership, Memory, and Plagiarism." TESOL Quarterly 30 (Summer 1996): 201-230.
  • Price, Margaret. "Beyond 'Gotcha!': Situating Plagiarism in Policy and Pedagogy." College Composition and Communication 54.1 (September 2002): 88-115.
  • Roig, Miguel. "Can Undergraduate Students Determine Whether Text Has Been Plagiarized?" Psychological Record 47.1 (Winter 1997): 113-122.
  • --. "Plagiarism and Paraphrasing Criteria of College and University Professors. Ethics and Behavior 11.3 (2001), 307-323.
  • --. "When College Students' Attempts at Paraphrasing Become Instances of Potential Plagiarism." Psychological Reports 84.3, pt. 1 (June 1999): 973-982.
  • Sapp, David Alan. "Towards an International and Intercultural Understanding of Plagiarism and Academic Dishonesty in Composition: Reflections from the People's Republic of China." Issues in Writing 13.1 (Fall/Winter 2002).
  • Scanlon, Patrick M. "Student Online Plagiarism: How Do We Respond?" College Teaching 51.4 (Fall 2003): 161-165.
  • Scanlon, Patrick M. & David R. Neumann. "Internet Plagiarism Among College Students." Journal of College Student Development 43 (May/June 2002): 375-384.
  • Scollon, R. (1995). Plagiarism and ideology: Identity in intercultural discourse: Language in Society, 24(1), 1-28.
  • Shei, Chris. "Chinese Learners and Plagiarism: Westernisation or Easternisation?" Newsletter (Northumberland) 1 (February 2006).
  • Shi, Ling. "Cultural Backgrounds and Textual Appropriation." Language Awareness 15.4 (2006): 264-282.
  • Sowden, Colin. "Plagiarism and the Culture of Multilingual Students in Higher Education Abroad." ELT Journal 59.3 (July 2005): 226-233.
  • Stark, Louisa-Jayne, and Timothy J. Perfect. "Elaboration Inflation: How Your Ideas Become Mine." Applied Cognitive Psychology 20 (2006): 641-648.
  • Taylor, F.K. "Cryptomnesia and Plagiarism." British Journal of Psychiatry 111 (1965): 1111-1118.
  • Thompson, Lenora C., and Portia G. Williams. "But I Changed Three Words! Plagiarism in the ESL Classroom." Clearing House 69.1 (September-October 1995): 27-29.
  • University of Indiana definition of plagiarism from the Code of Student Rights, Responsibilities, and Conduct, Part II, Student Responsibilities, Academic Misconduct, By action of the University Faculty Council (April 12, 2005) and the trustees of Indiana University (June 24, 2005.)
  • University of Tampere, School of Modern Languages and Translation Studies, Foundations in Area Studies for Translators. Retrieved November 14, 2005, from
  • Whitley, Bernard E. Jr. "Factors Associated with Cheating Among College Students: A Review." Research in Higher Education 39.3 (1998): 235-274.
  • Yanal, Robert. "Plagiarism" (PowerPoint Presentation). Wayne State University.

Approved by President effective 7/22/10
This policy was issued on July 12, 2011, replacing the June 10, 2004 version.
Document Reference: 1I6
Origin: CC 2-79/80; OP 11/5/90; OP 4/10/91; OC 3/10/04; GR 1-03/04; WC 3-08/09

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