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Library and Information Services
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Lovejoy Library's Information Literacy Competencies for Students

Information or library literacy centers on four separate but interactive processes:

  • Recognize how information is created and communicated;
  • Understand how information is structured and organized;
  • Access information using a number of access points and sources; and
  • Retrieve a physical or electronic item from a collection.

Conceptual Competencies


  • the difference between information and knowledge.
  • that the framework of knowledge is constantly shifting; information and knowledge in a discipline is a social construction, an ongoing dialogue among scholars.
  • the basic organization of a library and the different types of access tools to a library's collections.
  • the links among information centers the access points available through technology and reference sources.
  • the differing information structures in the disciplines and the stages of growth of the literature and information within a discipline.
  • the criteria used to evaluate information for its content, source, quality, and relevance.
  • that there are a number of different research strategies and models that can be employed to structure a research project in each discipline.
  • the basic structure of electronic databases and the strategies used to access this information.
  • the conventions of scholarly research, such as proper citation and intellectual property rights.


  • the different levels, types, and formats of information and their appropriate uses.


  • an awareness of the relevant issues affecting information access policy, such as copyright, privacy, privatization of government information electronic access to information, and the exponential growth to information.
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