Public Housing in the United States: From the
Margins to the New Urban Frontier - research on the
national scope of public housing redevelopment.
The Persistence of Public Housing Segregation
in the United States - research on historical and
contemporary patterns and trends in racial and ethnic
segregation within public housing.
St. Louis Regional Plan for Sustainable
Development - evaluation of regional sustainability
planning, through the SIUE Institute for Urban Research (Applied Research Collaborative component of
HUD Sustainable Communities
Regional Planning Grant Program awarded to East-West
Gateway Council of Governments, St. Louis, MO).
Hanlon, J. 2012. Beyond HOPE VI:
Demolition/Disposition and the Uncertain Future of Public
Housing in the U.S. Journal of Housing and the
Built Environment 27 (3): 373-388.
Abstract: Public housing redevelopment in the United States is virtually synonymous with the HOPE VI program, through which the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development has transformed over 250 housing projects into mixed-income communities. However, the overall the extent of public housing redevelopment has far exceeded the original mandate of HOPE VI due to the expansion of Demolition/Disposition activities facilitated by the program. The permissiveness of such activities has resulted in the replacement of housing projects with luxury condominiums, shopping and convention centers, and other land uses unrelated to affordable housing. In the process, over 210,000 housing units guaranteed to be affordable to low-income households have been removed from the country’s public housing inventory. This article investigates the foundations, the overall scope, and the characteristics of Demolition/Disposition activities beyond the purview of HOPE VI, and discusses their implications for the uncertain future of public housing in the U.S..
Hanlon, J. 2010. Success by Design: HOPE VI,
New Urbanism, and the Neoliberal Transformation of Public
Housing in the United States. Environment
and Planning A 42 (1): 80-98.
the mid-1990s over 200 public housing projects across the
United States have been redeveloped through a Department
of Housing and Urban Development program called HOPE VI.
The objectives of HOPE VI, each of which bears the imprint
of neoliberal urban policy, include: promoting
‘mixed-finance’ partnerships between the public, private,
and nonprofit sectors; replacing housing projects with
‘mixed-income’ communities; and rebuilding those
communities in ways that bear no resemblance to
traditional public housing. In this paper I interrogate
the means and motives of these objectives through the lens
of a ‘successful’ HOPE VI site. My case study is Park
DuValle in Louisville, Kentucky, which is widely regarded
as one of the program’s crowning achievements. This
approach allows for a more precise explication of how HOPE
VI is intended to work than existing research on the
program provides, and in turn affords a clearer
perspective on the underlying rationales for, and broader
implications of, HOPE VI revitalization. A key component
of Park DuValle’s apparent success is its embrace of New
Urbanism and the stark contrast to the architecture of
public housing that this planning and design paradigm
presents. The physical transformation effected through
HOPE VI, as exemplified by Park DuValle, both enables and
legitimates the program’s mixed-finance and mixed-income
objectives while eliding the costs of pursuing these
T.R., J. Hanlon, H. Pavitt, A. Schreiber, A. Theising, M.
Tranel, and W. Winter. 2012. Regional Plan for Sustainable
Development: Annual Report, 2012. Report to the East-West
Gateway Council of Governments, St. Louis, MO. http://www.ewgateway.org/RPSD/RPSD-Resources/Yr1EvalRpt.pdf.
Hanlon, J., E. Hostetter, and C. Post. 2011.
Everyday Landscapes: Past and Present, Presence and
Absence (Special Issue Introduction). Material Culture: The
Journal of the Pioneer America Society 43
Hanlon, J. 2008. Review of Public Housing That Worked: New York in the Twentieth Century by Nicholas Dagen Bloom. H-Urban, H-Net Reviews (September 2008). Available at http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=15772.
recent conference presentations
Abandonment of Public Housing Desegregation Policy in the
U.S. To be presented at the Urban Affairs Association Annual
Conference. San Francisco, CA, April 3-6, 2013.
Segregation, Desegregation, and Resegregation of Public
Housing in Louisville, Kentucky. Urban History
Association Conference. New York, NY, October 26-28,
Devolution and Expansion of Public Housing Redevelopment. Urban
Affairs Association Annual Conference. Pittsburgh, PA,
April 18-21, 2012.
or Without HOPE VI: The Devolution of Public Housing
Redevelopment in the U.S. Annual
of the Association of American Geographers. Seattle,
WA, April 12-16, 2011.
Crossing Greenwood: Racial Segregation, Social Progress, and Urban Decline in a Louisville Neighborhood. Annual Meeting of the Association of American Geographers. Washington, DC, April 14-18, 2010
Public Housing in the United States: From the Margins to the New Urban Frontier. Annual Meeting of the Association of American Geographers. Las Vegas, NV, March 22-27, 2009
the West End: Racial Segregation and Neighborhood Transition
in Louisville, Kentucky. Annual
of the Association of American Geographers. Boston,
MA, April 15-19, 2008
Selling the Projects: The Beginning of the End of Public Housing in the U.S. Annual Meeting of the Association of American Geographers. San Francisco, CA, April 17-21, 2007
(Dis)placing Poverty: HOPE VI and the Relocation of Public Housing Residents. Annual Meeting of the Association of American Geographers. Chicago, IL, March 7-11, 2006
Department of Geography
Southern Illinois University Edwardsville
Edwardsville, IL 62026-1459
E-mail: jhanlon [at] siue.edu