ENG505.001 Seminar in Medieval Literature: Medieval Sex
Prof. Eileen Joy
Figure 1. J.M. Waterhouse, Hylas and the Nymphs (1896)
ECR = Electronic Course Reserves
I. Premodern Gender & Sexuality Studies
Amer, Sahar. Crossing Borders: Love Between Women in Medieval French and Arabic Literatures. Philadelphia: University of Philadelphia Press, 2008.
Archibald, Elizabeth. Incest and the Medieval Imagination. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2001.
Baldwin, John W. The Language of Sex: Five Voices from Northern France around 1200. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994.
Bennett, Judith M. “‘Lesbian-Like’ and the Social History of Lesbianisms.” Journal of the History of Sexuality 9.1/2 (Jan.-Apr. 2000): 1-24.
Boswell, John. Christianity, Social Tolerance, and Homosexuality: Gay People in Western Europe from the Beginning of the Christian Era to the Fourteenth Century. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1980.
Boswell, John. Same-Sex Unions in Pre-Modern Europe. New York: Villard Books, 1994.
Brown, Peter. The Body and Society: Men, Women, and Sexual Renunciation in Early Christianity. New York: Columbia University Press, 1988.
Brundage, James A. Law, Sex, and Christian Society in Medieval Europe. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1988.
Bullough, Vern L. and James A. Brundage, eds. Handbook of Medieval Sexuality. New York: Garland Publishing, 1996.
[ECR: Pierre J. Payer, “Confession and the Study of Sex in the Middle Ages,” pp. 3-31; Joyce E. Salisbury, “Gendered Sexuality,” pp. 81-102]
Burger, Glenn. Chaucer’s Queer Nation. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2003.
Burger, Glenn and Steven F. Kruger, eds. Queering the Middle Ages. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2001.
Burgwinkle, William E. Sodomy, Masculinity, and Law in Medieval Literature: France and England, 1050-1230. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.
[ECR: “Imagining Sodomy,” pp. 46-85; “Queerng the Celtic: Marie de France and the Men Who Don't Marry,” pp. 138-169]
Burrus, Virginia. Sex Lives of Saints: An Erotics of Ancient Hagiography. Philadelphia: University of Philadelphia Press, 2004.
Burrus, Virginia and Catherine Keller, eds. Toward a Theology of Eros: Transfiguring Passion at the Limits of the Discipline. New York: Fordham University Press, 2006.
Bynum, Caroline Walker. Fragmentation and Redemption: Essays on Gender and the Human Body in Medieval Religion. New York: Zone Books, 1992.
Cadden, Joan. Meanings of Sex Difference in the Middle Ages: Medicine, Science, and Culture. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.
[ECR: “Academic Questions: Female and Male in Scholastic Medicine and Natural Philosophy,” pp. 105-166; “Feminine and Masculine Types,” pp. 169-227]
Camille, Michael. Image on the Edge: The Margins of Medieval Art. London: Reaktion Books, 2004.
Camille, Michael. The Medieval Art of Love: Objects and Subjects of Desire. New York: Abrams, 1998.
Campbell, Emma and Robert Mills, eds. Troubled Vision: Gender, Sexuality and Sight in Medieval Text and Image. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.
Cassidy-Welch, Megan and Peter Sherlock, eds. Practices of Gender in Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe. Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols, 2008.
Clark, David. Between Medieval Men: Male Friendship and Desire in Early Medieval English Literature. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.
Cohen, Jeffrey Jerome. Medieval Identity Machines. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2003.
[ECR: “Chevalrie,” pp. 35-77; “Masoch/Lancelotism,” pp. 78-115]
Cohen, Jeffrey Jerome. Of Giants: Sex, Monsters, and the Middle Ages. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1999.
Cohen, Jeffrey Jerome and Bonnie Wheeler, eds. Becoming Male in the Middle Ages. New York: Garland, 1997.
Crane, Susan. Gender and Romance in Chaucer's Canterbury Tales. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1994.
Dinshaw, Carolyn. “A Kiss is Just a Kiss: Heterosexuality and Its Consolations in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight.” Diacritics 24.2/3 (Summer-Autumn 1994): 205-226. [ECR]
Dinshaw, Carolyn. Chaucer's Sexual Poetics. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1989.
[ECR: “The Law of Man and Its ‘Abhomynacions’,” pp. 88-112; “‘Glose/bele chose’: The Wife of Bath and Her Glossators,” pp. 113-131]
Dinshaw, Carolyn. Getting Medieval: Sexualities and Communities, Pre- and Postmodern. Durham: Duke University Press, 1999.
[ECR: “Good Vibrations: John/Eleanor, Dame Alys, the Pardoner, and Foucault,” pp. 100-142]
Duby, Georges. The Knight, the Lady, and the Priest: The Making of Modern Marriage in Medieval France. Trans. Barbara Bray. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983.
Dufallo, Basil and Peggy McCracken, eds. Dead Lovers: Erotic Bonds and the Study of Premodern Europe. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2007.
Easton, Martha. “Was it Good for You, Too? Medieval Erotic Art and its Audiences.” Different Visions: A Journal of New Perspectives on Medieval Art, Issue 1 (Sep. 2008): 1-30 [online journal].
Elliott, Dyan. Fallen Bodies: Pollution, Sexuality, and Demonology in the Middle Ages. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1999.
Elliott, Dyan. Spiritual Marriage: Sexual Abstinence in Medieval Wedlock. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993.
Farina, Lara. Erotic Discourse in Early English Religious Writing. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.
Farmer, Sharon and Carol Braun Pasternacks, eds. Gender and Difference in the Middle Ages. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2003.
[ECR: Carol Braun Pasternack, “Negotiating Gender in Anglo-Saxon England,” pp. 104-144; Elizabeth Robertson, “Nonviolent Christianity and the Strangeness of Female Power in Geoffrey Chaucer's Man of Law’s Tale,” pp. 322-352]
Frantzen, Allen J. Before the Closet: Same-Sex Love from Beowulf to Angels in America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000.
Frantzen, Allen J. “Between the Lines: Queer Theory, the History of Homosexuality, and Anglo-Saxon Penitentials.” Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies 26 (1996): 255-296. [ECR]
Freccero, Carla and Louise O. Fradenburg, eds. Premodern Sexualities. New York: Routledge, 1996.
[ECR: Lorraine Daston and Katharine Parks, “The Hermaphrodite and the Orders of Nature: Sexual Ambiguity in Early Modern France” pp. 117-136; Simon Gaunt, “Straight Minds/‘Queer’ Wishes in Old French Hagiography: La Vie de Sainte Euphrosine,” pp. 153-174]
Gaunt, Simon. Gender and Genre in Medieval French Literature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.
Gaunt, Simon. Love and Death in Medieval French and Occitan Courtly Literature: Martyrs to Love. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006.
Gaunt, Simon. “A Martyr to Love: Sacrificial Desire in the Poetry of Bernart de Ventadorn.” Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies 31.3 (2001): 477-506. [ECR]
Guynn, Noah D. Allegory and Sexual Ethics in the High Middle Ages. New York: Palgrave, 2007.
Hadley, Dawn M., ed. Masculinity in Medieval Europe. London: Longman, 1999.
Halperin, David M. One Hundred Years of Homosexuality: and Other Essays on Greek Love. New York: Routledge, 1990.
Harper, April and Caroline Proctor, eds. Medieval Sexuality: A Casebook. London: Routledge, 2007.
Hollywood, Amy. Sensible Ecstasy: Mysticism, Sexual Difference, and the Demands of History. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2002.
Jacquart, Danielle and Claude Thomasett. Sexuality and Medicine in the Middle Ages. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1985.
Jordan, Mark D. Invention of Sodomy in Christian Theology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1997.
Karras, Ruth Mazo. Common Women: Prostitution and Sexuality in Medieval England. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.
Karras, Ruth Mazo. “Holy Harlots: Prostitute Saints in Medieval Legend.” Journal of the History of Sexuality 1.1 (July 1990): 3-32. [ECR]
Karras, Ruth Mazo. Sexuality in Medieval Europe: Doing Unto Others. New York: Routledge, 2005.
[ECR: “Sex and the Middle Ages,” pp. 1-27; “The Sexuality of Chastity,” pp. 28-58]
Kay, Sarah. Courtly Contradictions: The Emergence of the Literary Object in the Twelfth Century. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2001.
Kay, Sarah and Miri Rubin, eds. Framing Medieval Bodies. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1994.
Klosowska, Anna. Queer Love in the Middle Ages. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.
Lees, Clare. “Engendering Religious Desire: Sex, Knowledge, and Christian Identity in Anglo-Saxon England.” Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies 27.1 (1997): 17-47. [ECR]
Lees, Clare, ed. Medieval Masculinities: Regarding Men in the Middle Ages. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1994.
Lees, Clare and Thelma Fenster, eds. Gender in Debate from the Early Middle Ages to the Renaissance. New York: Palgrave, 2002.
Lees, Clare and Gillian Overing. Double Agents: Women and Clerical Culture in Anglo-Saxon England. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2001.
[ECR: “Figuring the Body: Gender, Performance, Hagiography,” pp. 110-151]
Lees, Clare and Gillian Overing. “Before History, Before Difference: Bodies, Metaphor, and the Church in Anglo-Saxon England.” The Yale Journal of Criticism 11.2 (1998): 315-334. [available via Project Muse]
Lochrie, Karma. “Desiring Foucault.” Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies 27.1 (1997): 3-16. [ECR]
Lochrie, Karma. Heterosyncracies: Female Sexuality When Normal Wasn't. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2005.
[ECR: “Have We Ever Been Normal?” pp. 1-25]
Lochrie, Karma. “Presumptive Sodomy and its Exclusions.” Textual Practice 13.2 (1999): 295-310.
Lochrie, Karma, Peggy McCracken, and James A. Schultz, eds. Constructing Medieval Sexuality. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1997.
[ECR: Mark Jordan, “Homosexuality, Luxuria, and Textual Abuse,” pp. 24-39; Michael Camille, “Manuscript Illumination and the Art of Copulation,” pp. 58-90]
Magennis, Hugh. “No Sex Please, We’re Anglo-Saxons? Attitudes to Sexuality in Old English Poetry and Prose.” Leeds Studies in English, new series, 26 (1995): 1-27. [ECR]
McCracken, Peggy. The Curse of Eve, the Wound of the Hero: Blood, Gender, and Medieval Literature. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania, 2003.
Mills, Robert. Suspended Animation: Pain, Pleasure and Punishment in Medieval Culture. London: Reaktion, 2005.
Murray, Jacqueline, ed. Conflicted Identities and Multiple Masculinities: Men in the Medieval West. New York: Garland, 1999.
Murray, Jacqueline and Konrad Eisenbichler, eds. Desire and Discipline: Sex and Sexuality in the Premodern West. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1996.
Nederman, Cary J. and Jacqui True. “The Third Sex: The Idea of the Hermaphrodite in Twelfth-Century Europe.” Journal of the History of Sexuality 6.4 (1996): 497-517.
Pagels, Elaine. Adam, Eve, and the Serpent: Sex and Politics in Early Christianity. New York: Random House, 1988.
Park, Katharine. The Secrets of Women: Gender, Generation, and the Origins of Human Dissection. MIT Press, 2006.
Park, Katharine and Robert A. Nye. “Destiny is Anatomy.” [Essay Review of Thomas Laqueur, Making Sex: Body and Gender from the Greeks to Freud] The New Republic 18 Feb. 1991: 53-57.
Partner, Nancy F. “No Sex, No Gender.” Speculum 68.2 (1993): 419-443.
Payer, Pierre J. The Bridling of Desire: Views of Sex in the Later Middle Ages. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1993.
Payer, Pierre J. Sex and the Penitentials: The Development of a Sexual Code, 550-1150. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1984.
Pugh, Tison. Sexuality and Its Queer Discontents in Middle English Literature. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008.
Richards, Jeffrey. Sex, Dissidence and Damnation: Minority Groups in the Middle Ages. New York: Routledge, 1991.
Salisbury, Joyce E. Medieval Sexuality: A Research Guide. New York: Garland, 1990.
Salisbury, Joyce E., ed. Sex in the Middle Ages: A Book of Essays. New York: Garland, 1991. Sautman, Francesca Canadé and
Sautman, Francesca Canadé and Pamela Sheingorn, eds. Same-Sex Love and Desire Among Women in the Middle Ages. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2001.
Schultz, James A. Courtly Love, the Love of Courtliness, and the History of Sexuality. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2006.
[ECR: “Parzifal’s Penis,” pp. 3-15; “The Sexual Identity of Courtly Lovers,” pp. 17-28; “Chivalric Couples: Knights, Ladies and Marriage,” pp. 119-135]
Taylor, Karen J., ed. Gender Transgressions: Crossing the Normative Barrier in Old French Literature. New York: Garland, 1998.
Townsend, David. “The Naked Truth of the King’s Affection in the Old English Appollonius of Tyre.” Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies 34.1 (Winter 2004): 173-195. [ECR]
Zeikowitz, Richard E. Homoeroticism and Chivalry: Discourses of Male Same-Sex Desire in the Fourteenth Century. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003.
[ECR: “Chivalric Bonds and the Ideals of Friendship,” pp. 27-44]
II. Contemporary Gender & Sexuality Studies
Abelove, Henry, Michele Aina Barale, and David M. Halperin, eds. The Lesbian and Gay Studies Reader. New York: Routledge, 1993.
[ECR: Gayle S. Rubin, “Thinking Sex: Notes for a Radical Theory of the Politics of Sexuality,” pp. 3-44; David M. Halperin, “Is There a History of Sexuality?” pp. 416-431]
Belsey, Catherine. Desire: Love Stories in Western Culture. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994.
Bersani, Leo. Homos. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1995.
Braidotti, Rosi. Nomadic Subjects: Embodiment and Sexual Difference in Contemporary Feminist Theory. New York: Columbia University Press, 1994.
Butler, Judith. Bodies That Matter: On the Discursive Limits of Sex. New York: Routledge, 1993.
Butler, Judith. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. New York: Routledge, 1990.
Butler, Judith. Undoing Gender. New York: Routledge, 2004.
[ECR: "Gender Regulations," pp. 40-56; "The End of Sexual Difference?" pp. 174-203]
Clark, Anna. Desire: A History of European Sexuality. London: Routledge, 2008.
de Lauretis, Teresa. Technologies of Gender: Essays on Theory, Film, and Fiction. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1987.
Dollimore, Jonathan. Death, Desire, and Loss in Western Culture. New York: Routledge, 1998.
Foucault, Michel. “The Battle for Chastity.” In Religion and Culture, ed. Jeremy Carrette, pp. 188-198. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1999. [ECR]
Foucault, Michel. The History of Sexuality, Volume 1: An Introduction. Trans. Robert Hurley. New York: Vintage Books, 1990.
[ECR: “Scientia Sexualis,” pp. 51-74]
Foucault, Michel. The History of Sexuality, Volume 2: The Use of Pleasure. Trans. Robert Hurley. New York: Vintage Books, 1990.
Foucault, Michel. The History of Sexuality, Volume 3: The Care of the Self. Trans. Robert Hurley. New York: Vintage Books, 1988.
Foucault, Michel. “Sexuality and Solitude.” In Religion and Culture, ed. Jeremy Carrette, pp. 182-187. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1999. [ECR]
Freud, Sigmund. Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality. Trans. James Strachey. New York: Basic Books, 1975.
Giffney, Noreen and Michael O'Rourke, eds. The Ashgate Research Companion to Queer Theory. Surrey: Ashgate, 2009.
Goldberg, Jonathan. Sodometries: Renaissance Texts, Modern Sexualities. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1992.
Goldberg, Jonathan, ed. Reclaiming Sodom. New York: Routledge, 1994.
Greenberg, David F. The Construction of Homosexuality. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1988.
Grosz, Elizabeth. Volatile Bodies: Toward a Corporeal Feminism. Bloomington: University of Indiana Press, 1994.
Halberstam, Judith. In a Queer Time and Place: Transgender Bodies, Subcultural Lives. New York: New York University Press, 2005.
Halperin, David M. How to Do the History of Homosexuality. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2002.
Herculin Barbin: Being the Recently Discovered Memoirs of a 19th-Century Intersexual. Trans. Richard McDougall. [Intro. Michel Foucault.] New York: Pantheon, 1980.
Hird, Myra J. Sex, Science, and Gender. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.
[ECR: “Sex Diversity in Human Animals,” pp. 122-142]
Jakobsen, Janet R. and Ann Pelligrini. Love the Sin: Sexual Regulation and the Limits of Religious Tolerance. New York: New York University Press, 2003.
Jordan, Mark D. The Ethics of Sex. Oxford: Blackwell, 2002.
Katz, Jonathan Ned. The Invention of Heterosexuality. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995.
Laqueur, Thomas. Making Sex: Body and Gender from the Greeks to Freud. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1990.
[ECR: “Destiny is Anatomy,” pp. 25-62; “Discovery of the Sexes,” pp. 149-192]
Mackendrick, Karmen. Counterpleasures. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1999.
Martin, Emily. “The Egg and the Sperm: How Science Has Constructed a Romance Based on Stereotypical Male-Female Roles.” Signs 16.3 (Spring, 1991): 485-501.
Mitchell, Juliet and Jacqueline Rose, eds. Feminine Sexuality: Jacques Lacan and the Ecole Freudienne. London: Macmillan, 1982.
Moi, Toril. Sexual/Textual Politics. New York: Routledge, 1988.
Nestle, Joan, Clare Howell, and Riki Wilchins, eds. GenderQueer: Voices from Beyond the Sexual Binary. Los Angeles: Alyson, 2002.
Rubin, Gayle S. "The Traffic in Women: Notes on the Political Economy of Sex." In Toward an Anthropology of Women, ed. Reyna R. Reiter. New York: Monthly Review, 1975.
Scott, Joan. “Gender: A Useful Category of Historical Analysis.” American Historical Review 91 (1986): 1053-1075. [ECR]
Sedgwick, Eve Kosofsky. Between Men: English Literature and Male Homosocial Desire. New York: Columbia University Press, 1985.
Sedgwick, Eve Kosofsky. Epistemology of the Closet. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990.
Ullman, Sharon R. Sex Seen: The Emergence of Modern Sexuality in America. University of California Press, 1997.
Weeks, Jeffrey. Sexuality. 2nd ed. London: Routledge, 2003.