ENG421 - Prose & Poetry of the Medieval Period

"The Arthurian Remix"

Summer 2005

Prof. Eileen Joy



Figure 1. still image from film King Arthur (Buena Vista Pictures, 2004)


I. Cultural & Historical Backgrounds


Ackroyd, Peter. Albion: Origins of the English Imagination. London, 2002.


Allmand, C.T., ed. War, Literature, and Politics in the Late Middle Ages. New York, 1976.


Ashe, Geoffrey. The Discovery of King Arthur. Garden City, NY, 1985.


Ashe, Geoffrey. A Guidebook to Arthurian Britain. London, 1980.

Bachrach, David S. Religion and the Conduct of War, c.300 - c.1215. Woodbridge, 2003.


Barber, Richard W. The Holy Grail: Imagination and Belief. Cambridge, MA, 2004.


Barber, Richard W. The Knight and Chivalry. Rev. ed. Woodbridge, Suffolk, 1995.


Barker, Juliet R.V. The Tournament in England, 1100-1400. Woodbridge, Suffolk, 1982.


Bitel, Lisa M. Women in Early Medieval Europe, 400-1100. Cambridge, 2002.


Blamires, Alcuin. The Case for Women in Medieval Culture. Oxford, 1997.


Bloch, R. Howard. Medieval Misogyny and the Invention of Western Romantic Love. Chicago, 1991.


Boalt, Gunnar et al. The European Orders of Chivalry. Stockholm, 1971.


Bouchard, Constance Brittain. "Strong of Body, Brave and Noble": Chivalry and Society in Medieval France. Ithaca, NY, 1998.


Braudy, Leo. From Chivalry to Terrorism: War and the Changing Nature of Masculinity. New York, 2003.


Bumke, Joachim. Courtly Culture: Literature and Society in the High Middle Ages. Trans. Thomas Dunlap. Woodstock, NY, 2000.


Contamine, Phillippe. War in the Middle Ages. Trans. Michael Jones. Oxford, 1986.


Coss, Peter. The Knight in Medieval England, 1000-1400. Alan Sutton Publishing, 1993.


Duby, Georges. The Chivalrous Society. Trans. Cynthia Postan. London, 1977.


Duby, Georges. The Knight, the Lady, and the Priest: The Making of Modern Marriage in Medieval France. Trans. Barbara Bay. Chicago, 1993.


Duby, Georges. The Making of the Christian West, 980-1140. Trans. Stuart Gilbert. Geneva, 1967.


Duby, Georges. Three Orders: Feudal Society Imagined. Trans. Arthur Goldhammer. Chicago, 1980.


Duby, Georges and Michelle Perrot, eds. A History of Women in the West. Vol. 2: Silences of the Middle Ages. Ed. Christiane Klapisch-Zuber. Cambridge, 1994.


Franzten, Allen J. Bloody Good: Chivalry, Sacrifice, and the Great War. Chicago, 2004.


Gies, Frances. The Knight in History. New York, 1987.


Gies, Frances and Joseph Gies. Women in the Middle Ages. New York, 1980.


Harris, Dick. The Age of Abbesses and Queens: Gender and Political Culture in Early Medieval Europe. Lund, Sweden, 1998.


Kaeuper, Richard. Chivalry and Violence in Medieval Europe. Oxford, 2001.


Karras, Ruth Mazo. From Boys to Men: Formations of Masculinity in Late Medieval Europe. Philadelphia, 2003.


Keen, Maurice. Chivalry. New Haven, CT, 1984.


Keen, Maurice. Nobles, Knights, and Men-at-Arms in the Middle Ages. Hambledon Press, 1996.


Loomis, Roger Sherman. The Grail: From Celtic Myth to Christian Symbol. New York, 1963.


Macdonald, Fiona. Women in Medieval Times. Chicago, 2000.


Owen, D. D. R. The Evolution of the Grail Legend. Edinburgh, 1968.


Shulamith, Shahar. The Fourth Estate: A History of Women in the Middle Ages. Trans. Chaya Galai. London, 2003.


Waite, Arthur Edward. The Holy Grail: The Galahad Quest in the Arthurian Literature. New Hyde Park, NY, 1961.


Ward, Jennifer C. Women in Medieval Europe, 1200-1500. Harlow (Longman), 2002.


Weston, Jessie L. The Quest of the Holy Grail. 1913; rpt. New York, 1965.


Weston, Jessie. From Ritual to Romance. London, 1920. [a study of Fisher King and Holy Grail mythology from a cultural anthropology perspective]


Wood, Charles, T. The Age of Chivalry: Manners and Morals, 1000-1450. London, 1970.


Zeikowitz, Richard E. Homoeroticism and Chivalry: Discourses of male same-sex desire in the fourteenth century. New York, 2003.


II. Arthurian Literary Studies


Aberth, John. A Knight at the Movies: Medieval History on Film. New York, 2003.


Arthuriana: The Journal of Arthurian Studies


Barber, Richard. The Figure of Arthur. Cambridge, 1972.


Belsey, Catherine. Desire: Love Stories in Western Culture. Oxford, 1994. [has a chapter entitled “Adultery in King Arthur’s Court”]


Blumstein, Andrée Kahn. Misogyny and Idealization in the Courtly Romance. Bonn, Germany, 1977.


Bromwich, Rachel, A.O.H. Jarman, and Brynley F. Roberts, eds. The Arthur of the Welsh: The Arthurian Legend in Medieval Welsh Literature. Cardiff, 1991.


Cohen, Jeffrey Jerome. Of Giants: Sex, Monsters, and the Middle Ages. Minneapolis, 1999. [has several chapters on characters in Arthurian literature]


Fenster, Thelma, ed. Arthurian Women: A Casebook. New York, 1996.


Gist, Margaret Adlum. Love and War in the Middle English Romances. Philadelphia, 1947.


Gordon-Wise, Barbara Ann. The Reclamation of a Queen: Guinevere in Modern Fantasy. Westport, CT, 1991.


Gradval, Kathryn. "Chrétien de Troyes, Gratian, and the Medieval Romance of Sexual Violence." Signs 17.3 (Spring 1992): 558-85.


Green, D.H. The Beginnings of Medieval Romance: Fact and Fiction, 1150-1220. Cambridge, 2002.


Heng, Geraldine. Empire of Magic: Medieval Romance and the Politics of Cultural Fantasy. New York, 2003.


Kennedy, Edward Donald, ed. King Arthur: A Casebook. New York, 1996.


Korrel, Peter. An Arthurian Triangle: A Study of the Origin, Development and Characterization of Arthur, Guinevere and Modred. Leiden, 1984.


Lacy, Norris J. Medieval Arthurian Literature: A Guide to Recent Research. New York, 1996. *a must-have annotated bibliography*


Lacy, Norris J. and Geoffrey Ashe. The Arthurian Handbook. New York, 1997.


Lagorio, Valerie M. and Mildred Leake Day, eds. King Arthur Through the Ages. 2 vols. New York, 1990.


Lewis, C.S. The Allegory of Love: A Study of Medieval Tradition. London, 1959.


Loomis, Roger Sherman. The Development of Arthurian Romance. London, 1963.


Lupack, Alan and Barbara Tepa Lupack. King Arthur in America. Cambridge, 1999.


Mahoney, Dira B. The Grail: A Casebook. New York, 2000.


Mancoff, Debra N., ed. The Arthurian Revival: Essays on Form, Tradition, and Transformation. New York, 1992.


Morris, Rosemary. The Character of King Arthur in Medieval Literature. Cambridge, 1982.


Pearsall, Derek. Arthurian Romance: A Short Introduction. Oxford, 2003.


Samples, Susan. "Guinevere: A Re-Appraisal." Arthurian Interpretations 3.2 (1989): 106-18.


Slocum, Sally K., ed. Popular Arthurian Traditions. Bowling Green, 1992.


Thompson, Raymond H. The Return From Avalon: A Study of the Arthurian Legend in Modern Fiction. Westport, CT, 1985.


III. Arthurian Films


Kevin J. Harty's Arthurian Film Bibliography