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The -ed Marker in Writing




1. PAST TENSE--The -ED marker is used to form the past tense of regular verbs:

Yesterday I asked a question.

Last week we received a package.

Edgar booked a flight to New York, purchased the tickets, and caught the flight all in the

same day.

2. WITH BE AND HAVE--Use the -ED form when the verbs BE and HAVE are helping the verb out:

Forms of BE: is, are, was, were, be, being, been

Forms of HAVE: has, have, had, having

They were advised to wait.

She has walked over four miles already.

They have turned the tide.

Alice had been pushed around once too often.

3. BEFORE INFINITIVES--Use the -ED marker with regular verbs before infinitives:

Edgar tried to quit smoking.

Emma attempted to disrupt class.

Ellie wanted to show up on time.

4. MODIFIERS--Use the -ED marker when changing verb forms into modifiers:

Zack wore mismatched socks.

The frightened ghost let out a spine-chilling shriek.

The misplaced modifier is troublesome.

Having walked three miles, the scout troop demanded a rest.

5. TROUBLESOME VERBS--Sometimes it is hard to hear the -ED ending in some verbs, but be sure to write it when needed:

USED--We used to live down the block.

SUPPOSED--Bill was supposed to come early.

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