THE -ED MARKER IN WRITING
1. PAST TENSE--The -ED marker is used to form the past tense of regular verbs:
Yesterday I asked a question.
Last week we received a package.
Edgar booked a flight to New York, purchased the tickets, and caught the flight all in the
2. WITH BE AND HAVE--Use the -ED form when the verbs BE and HAVE are helping the verb out:
Forms of BE: is, are, was, were, be, being, been
Forms of HAVE: has, have, had, having
They were advised to wait.
She has walked over four miles already.
They have turned the tide.
Alice had been pushed around once too often.
3. BEFORE INFINITIVES--Use the -ED marker with regular verbs before infinitives:
Edgar tried to quit smoking.
Emma attempted to disrupt class.
Ellie wanted to show up on time.
4. MODIFIERS--Use the -ED marker when changing verb forms into modifiers:
Zack wore mismatched socks.
The frightened ghost let out a spine-chilling shriek.
The misplaced modifier is troublesome.
Having walked three miles, the scout troop demanded a rest.
5. TROUBLESOME VERBS--Sometimes it is hard to hear the -ED ending in some verbs, but be sure to write it when needed:
USED--We used to live down the block.
SUPPOSED--Bill was supposed to come early.