Sunburn is inflammation of the skin that follows overexposure to the sun, sun lamps, or other sources of ultraviolet (UV) light. Sun exposure is cumulative over a lifetime and can lead to skin cancer, premature wrinkling and loss of skin elasticity.
Sunburn is generally a first degree thermal burn that causes redness to the top layer of skin.
A second-degree burn damages the next layer of skin and causes blisters. Very sensitive people may experience nausea, fever, and a fine rash.
It is best to prevent sunburn from occurring. Stay out of the sun during the middle of the day. Use sun block or sunscreen with a value of ≥ 30. A sun barrier such as zinc oxide offers the most protection.
To reduce heat and pain, apply a cool, wet cloth to the area. Aloe based gel may be applied. Do not pop the blisters. Take acetaminophen (Tylenol) as indicated for the pain and fever. Use non-prescription burn remedies cautiously as one may be allergic to them. Increase water intake. You should see a doctor if you have a high fever, vomiting and diarrhea, delirium, pain and fever over 48 hours, or very large blisters.
CONTACT HEALTH SERVICE OR YOUR FAMILY DOCTOR FOR FURTHER INFORMATION OR CONCERNS.