Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus is an infection caused by the common bacterium staphylococcus aureus which is resistant to treatment with the antibiotic methicillin. Most infections caused by staph are skin infections, but more serious cases can also cause infections of the blood and joints or can cause pneumonia. It is spread through contact with secretions by skin-to-skin or skin-to-contaminated item-to-skin or mucous membranes. Conditions which raise risk of disease are crowding, skin-to-skin contact, compromised skin, contaminated surfaces, and lack of cleanliness.
Clinical presentation may resemble an insect or spider bite, folliculitis, pustular lesions, furuncle, carbuncle (boils), abscess, cellulitis, impetigo, or an infected wound.
Treatment consists of:
Prevention consists of patient education regarding:
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