415a-3 TECHNIQUES IN CELL AND TISSUE CULTURE. Eukaryotic cell tissue culture; consideration of growth, differentiation, metabolism, and transformation of cells in culture. Theory, techniques of cell culture. One lecture and one laboratory per week. Prerequisites: BIOL 319; consent of instructor.
415b-3 LABORATORY IN CELL AND TISSUE CULTURE. Supervised exercises in techniques, growth, differentiation and metabolism of cells in culture. Prerequisite: BIOL 319.
417-4 QUANTITATIVE METHODS IN EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY. Selection and application of statistical techniques appropriate for biological data. Practical experience using spreadsheet and statistical software. Prerequisites: BIOL 120 and BIOL 121 with a grade of C or better or consent of instructor.
421-3 HUMAN GENETICS. Human Mendelian and chromosomal genetic disorders; human genome project; gene therapy; pedigrees, genetic inference and genetic counseling. Prerequisite: BIOL 220.
422a-3 POPULATION GENETICS. Unites the fields of molecular genetics and evolutionary biology to explore processes and mechanisms of evolutionary change; provide a theoretical basis for interpreting molecular variation. Prerequisite: BIOL 220 BIOL 319 and BIOL 327.
422b-1 POPULATION GENETICS LAB. Molecular and analytical techniques commonly employed in basic and applied fields of population genetics. Requires concurrent enrollment in BIOL 422a. Prerequisite: BIOL 220, BIOL 319, and BIOL 327.
423-3 FORENSIC BIOLOGY. Principles of human anatomy and physiology, population and molecular genetics, botany, entomology are reviewed in the context of their applications to legal contexts. Prerequisite: BIOL 220 with a grade of C or better, or consent of instructor.
425-3 DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY. Embryonic and postembryonic developmental processes in animals. Topics include: fertilization, morphogenesis, pattern formation, and the cellular control of these events. Prerequisites: BIOL 220, BIOL 319.
431-3 CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR BASES OF DISEASE. Causes and pathophysiology of diseases presented from the cellular and molecular levels. Prerequisite: BIOL 319 with a grade of C or better.
441-3 ADVANCED PHYSIOLOGY. Energy procurement and balance, intermediate metabolism, temperature control, advanced topics of cardiovascular and respiratory mechanisms, body fluid regulation, some environmental adaptations. Prerequisites: BIOL 340; CHEM 241.
456-4 PRINCIPLES TO BIOPHYSICS. Interdisciplinary approach to biophysics for students in biology, chemistry, and bioengineering. Weekly labs will include a variety of guest scientists demonstrating biophysical applications. Prerequisites: PHYS 131a,b and MATH 150 or their equivalent, or consent of instructor.
463-4 CONSERVATION BIOLOGY. Examination of concepts and principles of conservation biology, leading to an understanding of threats to biodiversity and techniques to minimize ecosystem degradation and biodiversity loss. Prerequisite: BIOL 365 with grad of C or better, or consent of instructor.
465-4 AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS. (Same as ENSC 465) Biogeochemistry and community structure of aquatic systems. Three lectures, one three-hour lab per week. Prerequisites: BIOL 121 and CHEM 121b with grades of C or better.
466-3 TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS. Energy flow and mineral cycling as they interact with community organization and other processes in terrestrial ecosystems. Three hours lecture per week. Prerequisite: BIOL 120 and BIOL 121 with a grade of C or better or consent of instructor.
468-3 POLLUTION ECOLOGY. Application of biological, ecological, chemical, and physical sciences to understanding the fate and transport of pollutants through ecosystems. Prerequisite: one year of college chemistry or consent of instructor.
470-4 FIELD BIOLOGY. Taxonomy, natural history, and distribution of plants or animals. Students collect from the field, identify, classify, and mount specimens. Two lectures and two laboratories per week. Fee required for field trips. Prerequisite: BIOL 121.
471-4 PLANT SYSTEMATICS. Examination of basic processes in vascular plant evolution. Local flora characteristics and identification. Three lectures and one two-hour lab per week. Prerequisites: BIOL 120; 121; 220 with grades of C or better.
472-4 TOPICS IN PLANT PHYSIOLOGY. Topics include photosynthesis, mineral nutrition, and water as related to plants, growth and movement of plants. Two lectures and two laboratories per week. Prerequisite: one semester of botany or consent of instructor.
473-4 PLANT ANATOMY. Examination of plant cells, tissues, and morphology. Two lectures and two labs per week. Prerequisites: BIOL 121 with a grade of C or better, or consent of instructor.
474-4 PLANT TAXONOMY. A field-oriented course in which students collect and identify plant specimens using professional taxonomic keys. Prerequisite: BIOL 121 or consent of instructor.
480-3 ANIMAL BEHAVIOR. Examination of mechanisms, evolution, and ecological consequences of animal behavior. Concepts will be introduced through lectures, laboratory and field experiments, and independent projects. Prerequisites: BIOL 120, BIOL 121, and BIOL 220 with a grade of C or better, or consent of instructor.
481-4 QUANTITATIVE MORPHOLOGY. Principles of the quantitative analysis of morphology, or an organism's size and shape, and its consequences. Prerequisite: BIOL 220 with a grade of C or better, or consent of instructor.
488-4 MAMMALOGY. Morphology, systematics, natural history, taxonomy, evolution of living and fossil mammals. Two lectures and two laboratories per week. Prerequisites: BIOL 120; consent of instructor.
494-3 METHODS OF TEACHING BIOLOGY IN THE SECONDARY SCHOOL. Methods in biology secondary education. Planning and presenting lectures and laboratories, education software, pertinent teaching materials, and discussion of controversial topics in the classroom. Prerequisites: junior or senior standing, 2.5 G.P.A. in Biological Sciences and consent of instructor.
514-3 MOLECULAR BIOLOGY LABORATORY. Enzyme activity measurements. Purification of biological molecules. Isolation of cell organelles. Centrifugation, chromatography, electrophoresis. Students will present reports written in style suitable for publication. Prerequisite: BIOL 319.
516-3 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ANALYSIS. (Same as ENSC 516 and GEOG 524) Implications and applications of National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) and related environmental legislation. Methodologies for environmental inventory and environmental impact statement preparation. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.
518a-3 RECOMBINANT DNA. Principles of gene cloning; methods of creating recombinant DNA molecules, transfer of genes into recipient cells, regulation following gene transfer. Term project required. Prerequisites: BIOL 220; 319.
518b-3 RECOMBINANT DNA LABORATORY. Experiments in gene manipulation using genes exempt from federal guidelines concerning Recombinant DNA. Six laboratory hours per week. Term project required. Prerequisite: BIOL 518a with a grade of C or better, or equivalent, or consent of instructor.
525L-1 ANALYSIS OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINANTS LABORATORY. Laboratory techniques used in the separation, detection identification, and quantitation of contaminants in environmental and biological samples. Prerequisite: prior completion or concurrent enrollment in ENSC 525.
530a,b-6 (3,3) BIOCHEMISTRY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY. (a) Structures and functions of protein, carbohydrates and lipids; (b) control of metabolism, structures and functions of nucleic acids in the control of protein synthesis. Prerequisites: (a) CHEM 241a,b; (b) BIOL 530a.
532-4 ADVANCED CELL BIOLOGY. Analysis of advanced topics in cell and molecular biology. Emphasis on laboratory projects and current literature with supporting lectures. Prerequisites: BIOL 319 with a grade of C or better.
534-3 AQUATIC ECOTOXICOLOGY. (Same as ENSC 534) Biological effects of aquatic pollution from the molecular to the ecosystem level; uptake, metabolism, excretion, food chain transfer, environmental fate and transport of aquatic pollutants. Prerequisites: ENSC 220 and ENSC 330 or ENSC 531 or BIOL 319 or BIOL 365 or CHEM 471 or consent of instructor.
536-3 MOLECULAR TOXICOLOGY AND PHARMACOLOGY. (Same as ENSC 532) Molecular, biochemical, and cellular mechanisms of toxicity, mode of action, metabolism, and interactions of environmental pollutants, toxic chemicals, and drugs. Prerequisite: BIOL 319, or CHEM 471, or ENSC 531, or consent of instructor.
533-3 BIOMEMBRANES. Structural organization of biological membranes. Dynamic properties as studied by biophysical techniques. Selected topics of membrane functions related to structural organization. Prerequisites: BIOL 319; 332 or 430a,b or CHEM 241a,b or CHEM 451a,b (could be concurrent), or equivalent.
544-3 FUNDAMENTALS OF NEUROPHYSIOLOGY. Cellular and molecular basis of synaptic transmission, information processing, and control of behavior. Current mechanisms of learning, memory, drug actions, motor control. Prerequisite: BIOL 319 with a C or better or consent of instructor.
551-3 MICROBIAL PATHOGENESIS. Analysis of mechanisms of pathogenesis employed by bacteria, fungi, protozoans, and viruses. Transmission, invasion, colonization, virulence factors, pathology, epidemiology, treatment. Prerequisite: BIOL 350 or equivalent.
552-3 MOLECULAR GENETICS. Molecular basis of genetics in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes, including structure and replication of DNA; gene expression; transfer of genetic material between organisms. Prerequisite: BIOL 220 and 319.
555-3 VIROLOGY. Biochemical and physical structure of viruses and their mode of replication in infected cells, including latency and viral oncogenesis. Term project required. Prerequisites: BIOL 319; 332 or 430a, b or CHEM 241a, b or CHEM 451a, b (could be concurrent), or equivalent.
561-4 PLANTS AND ENVIRONMENT. Environmental effects on plant growth, reproduction, and distribution. Adaptive responses to environmental stress examined and measured. Three lecture/laboratories per week for 6 weeks. Course taught only in the summer. Prerequisites: BIOL 121 or consent of instructor.
562-3 BIOGEOGRAPHY. Concepts and principles relating to patterns of plant and animal distribution on local, continental, and worldwide basis. Speciation dispersal and variation. Term project required. Prerequisite: BIOL 365 or consent of instructor.
563-3 ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGICAL ECOLOGY. Examine how an organism's environment affects its physiology. Comparative approach will explore physiological adaptations to a variety of environmental factors. Prerequisite: graduate standing or permission of instructor.
564-3 APPLIED ECOLOGY. (Same as ENSC 550) Examination of the mechanisms, directions, and magnitude of an organism's or ecosystem's response to human perturbation. Prerequisite: BIOL 365 or consent of instructor.
567-3 ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION. (Same as ENSC 580) Environmental education history, practices, curriculum, organization, evaluation, project development and research required of successful practitioners in the field. Prerequisite : BIOL 120; 121, or consent of instructor.
569-4 ECOLOGY OF PLANTS. Plant adaptations; population and community ecology of plants; landscape ecology. Focuses on primary literature, scientific communication, data analysis, and natural history of plants. Prerequisites: BIOL 120, BIOL 121, BIOL 220, BIOL 365, or equivalent/consent instructor.
575-3 STATISTICS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES. (Same as ENSC 575) Characterization of the steps, processes, and statistical analysis necessary for a well-planned experiment. Theory and application of experimental design. Prerequisite: statistics through analysis of variance.
583a,b,c-4 (2,1,1) A) ENTOMOLOGY; B) INSECT MORPHOLOGY LABORATORY; C) INSECT COLLECTION LABORATORY. (a) Structure, function, development, evolution and ecology of insects; (b) Dissection of representatives of major insect orders, introduction to insect collecting; (c) Field collection, identification and pinning of insects. Prerequisites: (a) BIOL 120, 121; (b) required with (a); (c) optional concurrent enrollment in (a) or consent of instructor.
585-4 ICHTHYOLOGY. Relationships, ecology, distribution, behavior, and anatomy of fishes. Emphasis on local fauna. Two lectures and two laboratories per week. Saturday field trips required. Prerequisites: BIOL 120 and 121 or consent of instructor.
586-4 HERPETOLOGY. Living and fossil amphibians and reptiles, their evolution, relationships, morphology, and behavior. Two lectures and two laboratories per week. Saturday field trips required. Prerequisite: BIOL 120 or consent of instructor.
590-3 to 5 TOPICS IN BIOLOGY. In-depth examination of an area of Biological Sciences. May be repeated to a maximum of 12 hours as long as no topic is repeated. Prerequisite: graduate standing.
591 - 1 to 8 READINGS IN BIOLOGY. Supervised readings in specialized areas. May be repeated to a maximum of 8 hours. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.
592-1 GRADUATE COLLOQUIUM IN BIOLOGY. Attendance in the weekly colloquium seminar series. Students will critique colloquium presentations and will engage in group discussions of presentations. May be repeated to a maximum of 4 hours.
593 1 to 8 SPECIAL PROBLEMS IN BIOLOGY. Research on biological problems. May be repeated to a maximum of 8 hours. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.
595-2 TOPICS IN CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY. Examination in depth of topics in cellular and molecular biology by means of seminars, discussions, readings, and papers. May be repeated to a maximum of 6 hours provided no topic is repeated. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.
596-2 TOPICS IN ORGANISMIC BIOLOGY. Examination in depth of topics in organismic biology by means of seminars, discussions, readings, and papers. May be repeated to a maximum of 6 hours, provided no topic is repeated. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.
598 a,b-3,3 INTERNSHIP. Supervised work experience in research or business organization. Requires 150 hours of work time per 3 hours of credit. Written report required. Prerequisite: consent of graduate program director.
599-1 to 6 RESEARCH AND THESIS. May be repeated to a maximum of 6 hours. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.