Many students know Lincoln was a president and is on the penny and the five-dollar bill. My object is to enrich students with knowledge of Lincoln as a man, who came from nothing, didn't always win but never gave up, and was human like us. Students will learn the value of primary sources as I use one to illustrate a point in Lincoln's life and address the value of fairness by using the wrestling between Lincoln and Armstrong.
· Listen to a story about Abraham Lincoln's life and discuss.
· Learn and discuss terms "fair" and "bully."
· Analyze a primary source document and indicate it's importance
· Discuss fairness and bullying as related to the primary source photo.
· Discuss their feelings and rights as related to the primary source photo.
SS1a. identify examples of good citizenship.
SS1a. recognize symbols and leaders of the United States.
SS3b. recognize people from different times and places.
SS5a. recognize and describe feelings.
SS5d. show respect and concern for the rights of others.
SS5d. recognize the value of community and the need to belong.
SS10b. define basic social concepts of cooperation, conflicts, and competition.
SS10b. develop and use skills to communicate with individual and groups.
E1c.2 Being Read To: listen to and discuss every day at least one book or chapter that is longer and more difficult than what they can read independently or with assistance.
E1c.3 Discussing Books: refer explicitly to parts of the text when presenting or defending a claim
E1c.4 Vocabulary: learn new words everyday from talk and books read aloud.
E3a.1 Speaking and Listening: Talking a Lot: talk about their ideas, experiences and feelings; listen to others, signaling comprehension by clarifying, agreeing, empathizing or commenting as appropriate.
Picture of Abraham Lincoln (poster, or internet site:
Book: Discover Abraham Lincoln , Storyteller, Lawyer, President by Patricia Pingry
Primary source photo of Jack Armstrong and Abe Lincoln fighting.
One 45 minute class period.
I. Context (Have the students answer the following questions for all documents in the Activity)
a. What type of document is this?
b. What time period do you think this is? When do you think the photo was taken?
d. What is the purpose of this document?
e. What is happening in the photo?
II. Warm-Up (2-3 sentences)
Teacher shows a picture of Abraham Lincoln. List ideas students know about him on a chart. Tell them you are going to read a story about Abe and see if they can discover something new about him.
After discussion and adding to the list, talk about primary sources and their importance. Next, show the photo of Abraham Lincoln fighting.
Teacher observation of student responses and student examples they share.
V. Extensions (Suggest an optional, related activity)
Students could relate their own stories of bullying and how it made them feel. They could also share
examples of exhibiting fairness.