Title of Unit/Lesson: The War Begins (Adapted from a lesson found at
Subject/Course: U.S. History
Topic of Unit/Lesson: The beginning events of the Civil War
Grades: 10- 11
Time: Two days
Applicable Illinois State Standards:
16.A.5a Analyze historical and contemporary developments using methods of historical inquiry (pose questions, collect and analyze data, make and support inferences with evidence, report findings).
English Language Arts:
1.B.4c Read age-appropriate material with fluency and accuracy. 1.C.4b Explain and justify an interpretation of a text. 1.C.4d Summarize and make generalizations from content and relate them to the purpose 3.A.5 Produce grammatically correct documents using standard manuscript specifications for a variety of purposes and audiences.
· It is necessary to analyze all options/information available before making an important decision.
· Persistence, determination and wisdom can get one through even the through circumstances.
Resources/Materials needed for the lessons:
Activities and Strategies to be used in the lesson/unit:
1) Students will write a memo from a cabinet member to President Lincoln explaining
their reactions to events at Fort Sumter, and outlining their advice on handling the situation.
2) Students will write a telegram from President Lincoln to Major Anderson explaining to him why he will not be reinforced with additional troops.
3) Students will write a letter from President Lincoln to the ambassadors from Great Britain and France explaining the current situation in the United States. Lincoln must ensure them that there will be no war between the states. He must further urge their governments not to choose sides, and he must certainly discourage them from recognizing the Confederate States of America as a sovereign nation.